Walking: A simple yet effective low-impact exercise, walking can be done indoors on a treadmill or outdoors in a park or neighborhood.
Cycling: Whether on a stationary bike or a regular bicycle, cycling offers a smooth and joint-friendly cardio option.
Swimming: Swimming provides a full-body workout without the impact on joints. It's especially beneficial for those with joint pain or arthritis.
Elliptical Training: Using an elliptical machine mimics the motion of walking or running while significantly reducing impact on the joints.
Rowing: Rowing machines provide a low-impact cardiovascular workout that engages both upper and lower body muscles.
Dancing: Low-impact dance workouts, like Zumba or ballroom dancing, can be enjoyable and effective for cardiovascular fitness.